There are several types of framing materials commonly used in one-story houses:
1. Wood framing: This is the most common and traditional type of framing for residential buildings. It is cost-effective and easily available. Wood framing includes various types of wood, such as Douglas fir, southern yellow pine, and spruce.
2. Steel framing: This type of framing is also gaining popularity due to its durability and resistance to fire and termites. It is also lightweight, which makes it easy to install.
3. Concrete block: This type of framing is durable and resistant to fire, rot, and insects. It is also energy-efficient due to the inherent thermal mass of concrete.
4. Insulated Concrete Forms (ICFs): This type of framing is made of foam boards or blocks filled with concrete. It provides excellent insulation and soundproofing properties while being resistant to fire, earthquakes, and high winds.
5. Structural insulated panels (SIPs): This type of framing consists of rigid foam insulation sandwiched between two sheets of oriented strand board (OSB). SIPs provide superior insulation and airtightness, resulting in reduced energy use and lower costs.
Overall, the choice of framing material depends on various factors such as budget, climate, building codes, and personal preference. It is essential to choose a material that can provide a strong, durable, and energy-efficient structure for your one-story house.